Baishnab, S., Simon, J.M., Thomas, D., Menon, G.G., Johnson, S.
Poison is any substance that causes harmful effect when administered either accidently or intentionally. In India, as agriculture is the main occupation, pesticides are used to a greater extent and the poisoning with such products is far more common. The objective was to identify and assess the incidence of accidental or intentional poisoning and also to assess the relation between socio economic factors and poisoning. This prospective cohort study was conducted in the departments of medicine, paediatric, emergency and ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of 6 months. A total number of 150 cases were collected and categorized into different classes based on type of poisoning agents. In that organophosphate accounts more 31.3% (n=47), followed by snake bite 20% (n= 30). Male predominance were seen 58.7% (n=88), while comparing to female 41.3% (n= 62). Based on economic study, low socio economic peoples were more prone to poisoning i.e., 54.7% (n= 82). Rural people were far front in poisoning54.7% (n= 82) than urban and sub- urban. The literature status showed that 78.7% (n=118) was literate. Poisoning incidence are more in married subjects i.e., 50.7% (n=76). While considering occupation, farmers were most 30.7% (n= 46). The study highlighted the lacunae of poisoning information services in hospitals. Clinical pharmacist’s involvement can improve the identification of poison and toxicity rating.
Poisoning, Organophosphorous, Economic status, Education
Cite This Article
Baishnab, S., Simon, J.M., Thomas, D., Menon, G.G., Johnson, S. (2016). A Study to Identify, Assess & Analyze the Incidence of Poisoning Cases in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital at Davangere, Karnataka, International Journal for Pharmaceutical Research Scholars (IJPRS), 5(2), 256-261.