Faheemuddin, M.D., Kumari, R., Hassan, M., Suvarna., Krishnaveni.
Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading cause of mortality and morbidity to both mother and neonates worldwide. WHO estimates the incidence (number of new cases) of pre-eclampsia to be seven times higher in developing countries (2.8% of live births) than in developed countries (0.4%). It is defined as the new onset of hypertension in a previously normotensive women and the presence of protienuria. To study incidence of pre eclampsia and its neonatal outcome in a tertiary care hospital, a prospective observational study was conducted over a period of 6 months in inpatients of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department at SVS medical college and hospital, Mahabubnagar. The data regarding demographic details, present complaints, gestational age, obstetrics history, diagnosis, were collected and evaluated. A total of 628 cases of pregnant women were observed among them 52 cases were found to be Pre eclamptic patients. The incidence was found to be 8.28%. Neonatal data showed low APGAR score (23.07%), LBW (67.30%), IUD (3.84%), IUGR (3.84%) and neonatal death (9.61%). The study concluded that incidence of preeclampsia was high. The most common risk factors associated were nulliparity, consanguineous marriage and women with high body mass index and adverse neonatal outcome was seen. So there is need for patient education and public health awareness and improvment of socioeconomic circumstances which can help maternal and neonatal prognosis.
Pre eclampsia, incidence, nulliparity, APGAR score, LBW, IUD, IUGR
Cite This Article
Faheemuddin, M. D., Kumari, R., Hassan, M., Suvarna, & Krishnaveni. (2016). A Study on Incidence of Pre-Eclampsia and its Neonatal Outcome, International Journal for Pharmaceutical Research Scholars (IJPRS), 5(1), 168-171.