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Overview of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System in US


Santhosh, K., Pramod, T.M., Reddy, S.

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Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), also called e-cigarettes, personal vaporizers, vape pens, e-cigars, e-hookah, or vaping devices, are products that produce an aerosolized mixture containing flavoured liquids and nicotine that is inhaled by the user. ENDS can resemble traditional tobacco products like cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or common gadgets like flashlights, flash drives, or pens. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are rapidly growing in popularity among youth. ENDS are hand held devices that produce an aerosolized mixture from a solution typically containing concentrated nicotine, flavouring chemicals, and propylene glycol to be inhaled by the user. Nicotine, the major psychoactive ingredient in ENDS solutions, is both highly addictive and toxic. The concentrated and often flavoured nicotine in ENDS solutions poses a poisoning risk for young children. With flavours, design, and marketing that appeal to youth, ENDS threaten to renormalize and glamorize nicotine and tobacco product use. ENDS are battery-powered; some can be recharged via a USB port, others are disposable. ENDS contain a vaporizer, which is the piece that heats the liquid. Disposable ENDS do not require charging, changing batteries or liquid, last roughly as long as two packs of cigarettes, and are typically around $10. Rechargeable ENDS ‘starter kits’ are usually around $35, typically last as long as a pack and a half of cigarettes before needing to be recharged, and use either a cartridge or tank to store the flavoured liquid.


Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), Psychoactive, Ingredient, Disposable, Aerosolized

Cite This Article

Santhosh, K.,  Pramod, T.M., Reddy, S. (2016). Overview of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System in US, International Journal for Pharmaceutical Research Scholars (IJPRS), 5(4), 135-139.

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