Garge, V.N., Waikul, K.V., Nikam, S.R.
Gardenia gummifera Linn. belongs to family Rubiaceae. It is commonly known as Dikamali. Preliminary phytochemical screening of G. gummifera extract showed the presence of various phytoconstituents like glycosides, alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins and terpenoids. Gardenia species, such as G. aqualla have been reported to possess significant anti-microbial activity. Present study aimed at evaluating antibacterial activity of ethanolic and chloroform extracts of G.gummifera using agar well diffusion method. The activity spectrum was tested against different types of Gram positive (B. subtilis and S. aureus) and Gram negative (E. coli and P. aeruginosa) bacterial strains. The activity of both the extracts was compared using Amoxycillin as standard. Chloroform extract showed significant activity against all pathogens when compared with ethanolic extract of G. gummifera .The results observed in the present study indicate that the chloroform extract of the plant can be explored further to develop potential antimicrobial agents.
Gardenia Gummifera, Agar Diffusion Method, Zone of Inhibition
Cite This Article
Garge, V.N., Waikul, K.V., Nikam, S.R. (2016). Antibacterial Activity of Gardenia gummifera Linn. Extracts, International Journal for Pharmaceutical Research Scholars (IJPRS), 5(2), 316-320.